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Verb type: 1


  1. (intransitive) to moan, groan (make a noise in response to a painful experience)
    Synonym: voihkia
  2. (intransitive) to complain, grouse, gripe, whine (about = elative) (orally or in writing)
    Synonyms: purnata, (colloquial) inistä
    Kun ei ole varaa valita, niin ei ole varaa valittaa.
    Beggars cannot be choosers.
    (literally, “When you cannot afford to choose, you cannot afford to complain.”)
  3. (intransitive, law) to appeal (a decision = elative, to a higher instance = illative)
    Mies valitti Helsingin käräjäoikeuden tuomiosta Helsingin hovioikeuteen.
    The man appealed the sentence of the Helsinki District Court to the Helsinki Court of Appeal.
  4. (transitive, usually atelic) to apologize for, make one's apologies, be sorry, deplore, regret
    Valitan. ― I'm sorry.


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Present tense conjugation chart

Past tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart

Pluperfect tense conjugation chart

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".

Present tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart