# Names of the numbers

While not something that English has an exact counterpart to aside from a five-dollar bill being colloquially known as a

“fiver”or the number 9 being known as“niner”in radio communications, Finnish has names for the numbers themselves.

These names refer to their respective number itself and not to quantity or order and have a wide array of usage, such as for public transportation, currency, education related grades and tests, age, infrastructure, models of things or bygone years.

English | Finnish |
---|---|

0, the number zero | Nolla |

1, the number two | Ykkönen |

2, the number two | Kakkonen |

3, the number three | Kolmonen |

4, the number four | Nelonen |

5, the number five | Viitonen |

6, the number six | Kuutonen |

7, the number seven | Seiska |

8, the number eight | Kasi |

9, the number nine | Ysi |

10, the number ten | Kymppi |

Larger numbers follow the typical pattern but can replace their number where possible. For example:

- 12 →
*Kakstoist(a)*. - 27 →
*Kaksseiska*. - 43 →
*Neljäkolmonen*. - 85 →
*Kasiviis*. - 99 →
*Ysiysi*.

Some examples on using the names of numbers are as follows:

- Similar to the English
*fiver*, a 5€ bill can be called*viitonen*, a 10€ bill*kymppi*, a 20€ bill*kaksikymppinen*, a 100€ bill*satanen*, and so forth. - The number 2 tram is the
*kakkonen*. - The number 56 bus is the
*viiskuutonen*. - Ordering from a lunch menu at a restaurant can occasionally be done by saying the number of the menu item, for example,
*nelonen*would refer to the 4th item on the lunch menu.

### Inflecting names of the numbers

The names of the numbers in Finnish can also be inflected with postpositions. For example:

- I am on the number 2 (tram, bus) →
*Minä olen kakkosella*. - I am waiting for the 135 (tram, bus) →
*Minä odotan satakolmeviitosta*. - I got 6 on the test (out of 10) →
*Minä sain kokeesta kutosen*. - Can you press number 5 (in an elevator) →
*Painaisitko viitosta?*.

More information about the names of the numbers can be found from the article The Names of the Numbers in Finnish(Opens in new window) by Uusikielemme.