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Käydä (Verb type2)

Translations

  1. (intransitive + inessive or adessive) to visit, go to (and return), attend (a place)
    käydä kirkossa ― to attend church
    käydä katsomassa ― to go take a look
    käydä luona, käydä kylässä ― to visit (someone's house)
    Kävin eilen Madridissa.
    I visited Madrid yesterday.
    1. (intransitive + adessive) to go do
      käydä kakalla ― to poo
      käydä kusella ― to urinate
      Mennään käymään kahvilla.
      Let's go get some coffee.
    2. (intransitive + inessive or adessive) to go do (gathering, collecting, harvesting)
      käydä metsällä ― to hunt, to go hunting
      käydä kalassa ― to fish, to go fishing
      käydä marjassa / sienessä ― to gather berries/mushrooms, to go gathering berries/mushrooms
      käydä heinässä ― to gather hay
    3. (intransitive + partitive or transitive + accusative) to go to school (form chosen depends on the completeness of the action)
      käydä koulua ― to attend school
      Kävin kaksi vuotta lukiota.
      I was in high school for two years.
  2. (intransitive, archaic) to walk
    Synonym: kävellä
    käyden ― on foot (as an old synonym to jalan)
    käypä ― one who walks (archaic)
  3. (intransitive, now mostly in set phrases) to step, tread, pace, stride
    Synonyms: astua, saapastella, tulla
    Käy peremmälle! ― Come on in! (literally, “step further to the back”)
  4. (intransitive, monopersonal, (inessive or adessive) + 3rd-pers. sg. + an adverb) to happen, go (often in English with subject it)
    Synonym: tapahtua
    käydä kalpaten ― to end badly
    Miten siinä kävi (sinulle)?
    How did it go (for you)?
    Miten siinä niin kävi?
    How did it turn out that way?
  5. (genitive + 3rd-pers. sg. + an adverb) to happen (to somebody)
    Minun kävi huonosti.
    Things went badly for me.
    1. (+ partitive for agent, + allative for target) to happen (to something)
      Synonym: tapahtua
      Mitä sinun jaloillesi on käynyt?
      What has happened to your feet?
  6. (intransitive + allative) to please, suit, make content, be okay (with)
    Meidän siitä tapaamisesta, miten sinulle kävisi sunnuntai?
    About our meeting, would Sunday work for you?
    Minulle käy se hyvin.
    I am okay with that.
    Synonyms: kelvata, sopia
    1. (intransitive + illative) to suit, fit (into)
      Avaimeni käy tähän lukkoon.
      My key fits into this lock.
      Se pala ei käy siihen.
      That piece does not go there.
    2. (intransitive + elative) to pass (for)
      Tämä varmaan käy ruoasta.
      This could probably pass for food.
  7. (intransitive) to run, operate, work
    ovi käy ― door swings (open/close)
    Moottori käy.
    The motor is running.
    Pienoismallien moottorit käyvät risiiniöljyllä ja metanolilla.
    The motors/engines of the miniature models run on castor oil and methanol.
    1. (intransitive, of a clock) to go, run
    2. (intransitive, of time) to go by
      Synonyms: kulua, kulkea
      Aika käy hitaasti.
      Time goes by slowly.
  8. (intransitive + translative) to get, grow, become
    Vaikeudet kävivät hänelle liian suuriksi.
    The difficulties got too big for her.
  9. (intransitive + illative of third infinitive) to begin (to do)
  10. (intransitive, chemistry) to ferment, become fermented, yeast
  11. (transitive) used in many collocations with nouns and with more or less idiomatic value, translated often into "engage in", "have", "do", "transact", "pursue", "keep up", "maintain" etc.
    Synonym: pitää
    käydä kauppaa ― to do business
    käydä keskustelu ― to have a conversation
    käydä neuvotteluja ― to negotiate
    käydä vuoropuhelua ― to maintain a dialogue

Conjugations

Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".