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Verb type: 4


  1. (intransitive) to answer, to reply; to respond ((to) something = illative, to someone = allative)
    vastata kysymykseen ― to answer a question
    vastata syytteeseen ― to answer a legal complaint
    vastata puhelimeen ― to answer the phone (to pick up the phone)
  2. (intransitive) to react, counter, respond (to + illative) (to take action in response to)
  3. (transitive, usually atelic) to correspond to, be similar to, be equivalent to
    Ne eivät vastaa toisiaan.
    They're not equivalent.
  4. (intransitive) to be responsible or liable (for = elative)
    Afrikassa naiset vastaavat maanviljelystä.
    In Africa, women are responsible for farming.
  5. (intransitive) to account to (+ allative) (to be accountable or responsible to)
    Hän vastaa isälleen nuorempien sisariensa vahtimisesta.
    She accounts to her father for watching her younger sisters.
  6. (intransitive) to be in charge of (+ elative) (to have the responsibility of leading or overseeing)
    Hän jätti tyttärensä vastaamaan nuorempien sisariensa vahtimisesta.
    He left his daughter in charge of watching her younger sisters.


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Present tense conjugation chart

Past tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart

Pluperfect tense conjugation chart

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".

Present tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart