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Verb type: 1


  1. (intransitive) to stay up, stay awake (to remain awake, to not go to bed)
    Hän valvoi yli nukkumaanmenoaikansa.
    She stayed up past her bedtime.
  2. (transitive) to oversee, supervise, superintend, guide
    Kongressin tehtävänä on valvoa liittovaltion varojen käyttöä.
    It is congress' duty to oversee the spending of federal funds.
  3. (transitive) to watch, keep an eye on
  4. (transitive) to enforce (a law, rule, etc.)
  5. (transitive) to supervise, proctor, monitor, invigilate (an examination)


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Present tense conjugation chart

Past tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart

Pluperfect tense conjugation chart

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".

Present tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart