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Pitää (Verb type1)

Translations

  1. (with partitive) to hold, grasp, grip(with elative + kiinni) to hold ontoSynonym: pidelläMinä voin pitää laukustasi kiinni. ― I can hold onto your bag.(with accusative) to keep, take; to not losePidän tämän sisiliskon. ― I will keep this lizard.(with partitive) to hold, keepSynonym: kestääNämä kengät eivät pidä vettä. ― These shoes can’t hold water.(with partitive, sports) to dribbleSynonym: kuljettaapitää palloa ― to dribble the ball(with partitive, sports) to hold, to be in possession (of)Synonym: hallitapitää kiekkoa ― to hold the puck
    Synonym: pidellä
    Minä voin pitää laukkuasi. ― I can hold your bag.
  2. (with elative + kiinni) to hold onto
    Synonym: pidellä
    Minä voin pitää laukustasi kiinni. ― I can hold onto your bag.
  3. (with accusative) to keep, take; to not lose
    Pidän tämän sisiliskon. ― I will keep this lizard.
  4. (with partitive) to hold, keep
    Synonym: kestää
    Nämä kengät eivät pidä vettä. ― These shoes can't hold water.
  5. (with partitive, sports) to dribble
    Synonym: kuljettaa
    pitää palloa ― to dribble the ball
  6. (with partitive, sports) to hold, to be in possession (of)
    Synonym: hallita
    pitää kiekkoa ― to hold the puck
  7. (with partitive) to keep, preserve(with partitive) to keep, take care ofKorkeasaaressa pidetään monenlaisia eläimiä. ― Many types of animals are kept in Korkeasaari Zoo.
    Pidä ikkunaa auki.Keep the window open.
  8. (with partitive) to keep, take care of
    Korkeasaaressa pidetään monenlaisia eläimiä. ― Many types of animals are kept in Korkeasaari Zoo.
  9. (with elative) to like, be fond of
    Synonym: tykätä
    Antonyms: inhota, vihata
    Minä pidän appelsiineista. ― I like oranges.
    Pidän omenoista enemmän kuin appelsiineista. ― I prefer apples to oranges. (literally, “I like apples more than oranges.”)
    He pitävät tanssimisesta. ― They like dancing.
  10. (with partitive + essive) to consider (to be), to assess, to see as
    Synonyms: kokea, nähdä
    Minä pidän ihmis vihamielisi. ― I consider people to be hostile.
  11. (impersonal with genitive + third-person singular indicative + first infinitive) to have (to do)(transitive, impersonal, genitive + third-person singular conditional + first infinitive) should (do), ought (to do), be supposed (to do), would have (to do)Synonyms: kuulua, tullaMeidän pitäisi mennä töihin. ― We should go to work.
    Synonyms: tulla, täytyä
    Sinun pitää mennä töihin. ― You have to go to work.
  12. (transitive, impersonal, genitive + third-person singular conditional + first infinitive) should (do), ought (to do), be supposed (to do), would have (to do)
    Synonyms: kuulua, tulla
    Meidän pitäisi mennä töihin. ― We should go to work.
  13. (with (+ yllä / päällä) + partitive) to wear (clothes, etc.)
    Synonyms: käyttää, (rare) kantaa
    Sisällä ei pidetä kenkiä. ― One doesn't wear shoes indoors.
  14. (with accusative) to hold, to organize (such as an event)
    Milloin aiot pitää syntymäpäiväjuhlasi? ― When do you intend to hold your birthday party?
  15. Used in very many collocations with nouns, translated often as “engage in”, “have”, “do”, “transact”, “pursue”, “conduct”, “carry out” “keep up”, “maintain”, “lead/teach” etc.
    Hän piti kuulustelua syytetylle. ― S/he was conducting an interrogation of the accused.
    Pidän SAP-kurssia. ― I teach a SAP course.
    Pidetään tauko. ― Let's have a break.

Conjugations

Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".