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Olla (Verb type3)


  1. (copulative) to be (indicating that the subject and the complement of the verb form the same thing)
    Minä olen onnellinen. ― I am happy.
    Minä olen lääkäri. ― I am a doctor.
    Olen kamalassa kunnossa. ― I'm in an awful shape.
  2. (intransitive) to be (occupy a place)
    Minä olen kotona. ― I am at home.
  3. (copulative) to be, constitute, make up, form
    Tuo on maanpetos. ― That constitutes (high) treason.
  4. (intransitive, adessive + third-person singular + ~) to have; to own, to possess
    Minulla on/oli/on ollut kissa (nom.). (when in positive sentences, countable nouns in nominative) ― I have/had/have had a cat.
    Minulla ei ole kissaa (part.). (when in negative sentences, countable nouns in partitive) ― I don't have a cat.
    Minulla on/oli/on ollut sinut (acc.). (when in positive sentences, personal pronouns in accusative) ― I have/had/have had you.
    Minulla ei ole/ei ollut/ei ole ollut sinua (part.). (when in negative sentences, personal pronouns in partitive) ― I don't have/didn't have/haven't had you.
    Synonyms: (to own) omistaa, (discouraged in most cases) omata
  5. (intransitive, inessive + third-person singular + ~) to have, to possess (as a feature or capability, as opposed to simple possession; almost always for inanimate subjects)
    Tässä autossa on kaikki lisävarusteet. ― This car has all the accessories.
  6. (intransitive, ~ (olemassa)) to exist (the subject often indefinite = in partitive case -> verb in 3rd-pers. singular)
    Rakkautta ei ole (olemassa). ― Love doesn't exist.
  7. (intransitive) to behave, act (as if...) (when followed by a essive plural form of a present active participle with possessive suffix, or a subordinate clause beginning with (ikään,) kuin, requiring conditional mood)
    Hän oli (ikään), kuin ei olisi huomannut mitään.
    Hän ei ollut huomaavinaan mitään. ― He behaved as if he hadn't noticed anything.
  8. (transitive, auxiliary) to have (a verb to build active present perfect tense and active past perfect tense, taking active past participle, ending -nut/-nyt (singular) or -neet (pl.))
    Olen jo syönyt tänään. ― I have already eaten today.
    Olemme jo syöneet tänään. ― We have already eaten today.
    Olin jo syönyt. ― I had already eaten.
    Olimme jo syöneet. ― We had already eaten.
  9. (transitive, auxiliary) to have (a verb to build impersonal simple past tense, impersonal passive present perfect tense and impersonal passive past perfect tense, taking passive past participle, ending -tu/-ty)
    Aamiainen oli jo syöty. ― Breakfast had already been eaten.
    Minulla on/ei ole rahaa (part.). (singular uncountable nouns in partitive in both positive and negative sentences) ― I have/don't have money.
    Minulla on valta (nom.). (with an uncountable noun in nominative, the meaning or nuance of the sentence changes) ― I've got the power.
  10. (intransitive, 3rd person singular) (there) be
    Pöydällä on kissa. (when in positive sentences, singular countable nouns in nominative)There is a cat on the table.
    Pöydällä ei ole kissaa. (when in negative sentences, singular countable nouns in partitive)There is no cat on the table.
    Pöydällä on/ei ole kissoja. (plural countable nouns in partitive in both positive and negative sentences)There are (some) cats / There are no cats on the table.
    Lattialla on/ei ole rahaa. (singular uncountable nouns in partitive in both positive and negative sentences)There is (some) / There is no money on the floor.
  11. (intransitive, genitive + third-person singular + passive present participle) to have to do something, must do something; be obliged/forced to do something
    Minun on nyt mentävä. ― I have to go now.
    Minun on palautettava kirja kirjastoon perjantaihin mennessä. ― I have to return the book to the library by Friday.
    that same in passive: nominative/accusative + 3rd-pers. singular + passive present participle, -tava/-tävä = to have to be done, must be done.
    Kirja (nom.) on palautettava kirjastoon perjantaihin mennessä. (countable nouns in nominative) ― The book has to be returned to the library by Friday.
    Onko sinut (acc.) hiljennettevä pakolla? (personal pronouns in accusative) ― Do I have to make you shut your mouth? (literally, “Do you have to be quietened by force?”)
  12. (transitive) to play a children's game
    Synonym: leikkiä
    • 2013, Tea Hiilloste (lyrics), “Halihippa”, performed by Tea:
      Sä ja mä ollaan halihippaa,yks ja kaks, toinen meistä karkaa...
      You and I are playing hug tag,one and two, one of us runs away...


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".