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Lukea (Verb type1)


  1. (transitive) to read
    Luen kirjaa. ― I am reading a book.
  2. (intransitive, with inessive or adessive) to read, say (to consist of certain written text)
    Kyltissä lukee "pääsy kielletty". ― The sign reads "no entry."
    Kirjan sivulla 105 lukee... ― On page 105 of the book, it says...
  3. (transitive, academic) to study (review materials; take a course)
    Mitä luet yliopistossa?
    What are you studying at the university?
    Minun pitää lukea kokeeseen.
    I have to study for an exam.
  4. (obsolete) to count, reckon, still used in some expressions like mukaan luettuna, mukaan lukien, lukea tiilenpäitä
    Yhtä puuttuu, sanoi piru kun kusiaisia luki.
    There's one missing, said the Devil counting fire ants.
    Synonym: laskea
  5. (intransitive + translative) to consider (as); to count (as); to include
    Kahvitauko luetaan työaikaan kuuluvaksi.
    A coffee break is considered to be included in the working time.
    Sitä ei lueta.
    It doesn't count.


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".