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Joutua (Verb type1)


  1. (intransitive + illative) to get (into a negative position or situation)
    Hän joutui vaikeuksiin.
    S/he got into trouble.
    Hän joutui sairaalahoitoon.
    S/he had to be hospitalized.
  2. (intransitive + illative) to end up in (involuntarily, in a place considered negative)
    Dokumentit joutuivat roskakoriin.
    The documents ended up in a trashcan.
  3. (intransitive, auxiliary, + active 3rd infinitive in illative) to be forced (to do something)
    Presidentti joutui eroamaan.
    The President was forced to resign.
    Tulehtunut jalka jouduttiin amputoimaan.
    The infected leg had to be amputated.
  4. (intransitive) to hurry up, make haste; to move along; to come, arrive
    Koeta nyt joutua!
    Hurry up, please!
    Joudupa jo sieltä!
    Come on already!
    Matka joutuu ripeästi.
    The journey is moving along speedily.
    Kohta joutuu jo syksy.
    Autumn will arrive soon.


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".