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Verb type: 1


  1. (intransitive) to get (+ illative) (into a negative position or situation)
    joutua vaikeuksiin ― to get into trouble, to run into trouble
    Hän joutui vaikeuksiin.
    S/he got into trouble.
    Hän joutui sairaalahoitoon.
    S/he had to be hospitalized.
    Linnoitus joutui vihollisen käsiin.
    The fortress fell into the hands of the enemy.
  2. (intransitive) to end up (in = illative/allative) (involuntarily, in a place considered negative)
    Dokumentit joutuivat roskakoriin.
    The documents ended up in a trashcan.
  3. (auxiliary + illative of the third infinitive) to be forced to, have to (do something)
    Presidentti joutui eroamaan.
    The President was forced to resign.
    Tulehtunut jalka jouduttiin amputoimaan.
    The infected leg had to be amputated.
  4. (intransitive) to hurry up, make haste; to move along; to come, arrive
    Koeta nyt joutua!
    Hurry up, please!
    Joudupa jo sieltä!
    Come on already!
    Matka joutuu ripeästi.
    The journey is moving along speedily.
    Kohta joutuu jo syksy.
    Autumn will arrive soon.


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Present tense conjugation chart

Past tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart

Pluperfect tense conjugation chart

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".

Present tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart