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Verb type: 4


  1. (transitive) to reject, turn down, discard (e.g. a plan)
  2. (transitive) to refuse, turn away (e.g. a person proposing something)
  3. (transitive) to abandon, desert, leave (e.g. one's spouse, child)
  4. (transitive) to abandon, forsake (e.g. principles)
  5. (transitive) to give up, dismiss (e.g. a thought)
  6. (transitive) to fail, flunk (in a test at school)
  7. (transitive, law) to dismiss, disallow, throw out (e.g. charges); to overrule (a protest at a court)
  8. (transitive, law) to defeat (a law proposal)
  9. (transitive) to disqualify (a sports result)
  10. (transitive, logic) to discharge (an assumption)
  11. (transitive) to write off (declare as a total loss)


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Present tense conjugation chart

Past tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart

Pluperfect tense conjugation chart

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".

Present tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart