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Verb type: 1


  1. (transitive) to drive, ride, travel (in a vehicle), transport (e.g. in a car)
    ajaa autoa ― to drive a car
    ajaa polkupyörällä ― to ride a bike
    ajaa ylinopeutta ― to speed (drive at a speed faster than the speed limit)
    rekat ajavat hiekkaa ― the trucks are transporting sand
  2. used of several other forms of movement
    ajaa kilpaa / ajaa rallia ― to race (rally)
    ajaa yhteen ― to collide
    ajaa yli ― to run over
    ajaa puuhun ― to crash onto a tree
    ajaa karille ― to run aground
    tykistö ajoi asemiin ― the artillery took positions
  3. (transitive) to drive away, chase, pursue, expel, deport
    ajaa tiehensä / ajaa pois ― to chase away
    ajaa takaa ― to chase, pursue
  4. (transitive) to drive, herd (herd animals in a particular direction)
    ajaa karjaa ― to drive cattle
  5. (transitive, usually atelic) to advocate (an idea)
    Synonym: kannattaa
    ajaa läpi ― to push through
    ajaa luonnonsuojelun asiaa ― to advocate the case of nature protection
  6. (transitive) to force (into a certain state)
    Synonyms: saattaa, viedä
    velat ajoivat yrityksen konkurssiin ― the debts bankrupted the company
  7. (transitive) to operate (a device)
    ajaa moottori sisään ― to break in / run in an engine
    Ydinvoimala ajettiin alas huoltoa varten.
    The nuclear power plant was shut down for maintenance.
  8. (transitive) to shave, cut
    Synonym: leikata
    ajaa partansa ― to shave (one's beard)
    ajaa nurmikko ― to cut the grass
  9. (transitive, computing) to run, execute (a computer program)
    Synonym: suorittaa


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Present tense conjugation chart

Past tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart

Pluperfect tense conjugation chart

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".

Present tense conjugation chart

Perfect tense conjugation chart